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What is The Major Health Issue in Bangladesh?

Major Health Issue in Bangladesh

Bangladesh, a rapidly developing country, faces significant health challenges that impact its population’s well-being and the national development trajectory. This guide provides an in-depth analysis of the current major health issue affecting Bangladesh, emphasizing the importance of addressing this critical challenge.

Bangladesh has several major public health issues, including:

Tuberculosis: A chronic infectious disease that is one of the most dangerous in the country. Tuberculosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries, including Bangladesh.
Malaria: A major public health problem, with 13.2 million people at risk. Malaria is highly endemic in 13 of the country’s 64 districts.
Dengue: An endemic disease with recurrent outbreaks. The dengue virus has the potential to cause epidemics resulting in high morbidity and mortality.
Non-communicable diseases: Chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and chronic respiratory diseases, are increasing in Bangladesh as the population becomes more urbanized. [1]

Other major public health issues in Bangladesh include:

  • Lower respiratory infections
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Preterm birth complications
  • Neonatal encephalopathy [2]

Identifying the Major Health Issue

The major health issue currently plaguing Bangladesh is the impact of climate change on public health. This encompasses a range of problems, including increased heatwaves, respiratory infections, lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and a surge in vector-borne diseases like dengue. The historical perspective shows a notable rise in these health challenges due to environmental changes.

Statistical Overview of the Health Issue

Recent reports indicate a significant increase in heat-related fatalities, especially among the elderly, with a 148% surge in such deaths from 2017-2021. In addition, dengue cases have seen a marked rise, with the summer of 2021 witnessing a substantial temperature increase and a corresponding spike in heatwave days. Air pollution, both in urban and rural areas, has also contributed to high mortality rates​​. [3]

Causes and Contributing Factors

The primary contributors to this health crisis are environmental changes driven by climate change, rapid urbanization, and air pollution. Socio-economic factors and lifestyle choices also play a role, particularly in the context of increasing urban density and traffic, leading to elevated pollution levels.

Impact on Society and Economy

The burden on the healthcare system due to these environmental health issues is significant, with increased healthcare costs and loss in productivity. There’s also a profound social and psychological effect on communities, especially vulnerable groups like the elderly and children.

Government and Public Health Response

The Government of Bangladesh has committed to accelerating efforts towards Universal Health Coverage by 2030. This includes expanding services, increasing resources, and improving efficiency. Recent initiatives also show a shift toward climate-conscious health policies, focusing on reducing emissions and building a climate-resilient health system​​​​. [4]

Preventive Measures and Management

Preventive strategies include personal measures like increased awareness and lifestyle adjustments, community-level interventions, and healthcare management. The focus is on reducing exposure to pollutants and enhancing community resilience against climate-related health risks.

Case Studies and Success Stories

Successful intervention programs include the expansion of community clinics and vaccination campaigns. These initiatives have shown resilience at both individual and community levels, offering valuable lessons and best practices for other regions.

Future Challenges and Opportunities

Looking ahead, the challenges are intertwined with the opportunities presented by emerging technologies and innovations in healthcare. Predictions based on current trends suggest a continued focus on climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies.

How You Can Help

Individuals can contribute by adopting healthier lifestyles, supporting community health initiatives, and advocating for policy changes. Raising awareness about the impact of climate change on health and supporting eco-friendly practices are vital steps.


In conclusion, tackling the major health issue in Bangladesh requires a collective effort. It’s essential to understand the gravity of the situation and the need for concerted action from all stakeholders, including government, healthcare providers, and the public.

References and Further Reading

For more detailed information, readers are encouraged to explore academic and government sources, as well as reports from international organizations involved in healthcare and environmental studies in Bangladesh.

  1. Public Health Problems in Bangladesh: Issues and challenges
  2. CDC in Bangladesh
  3. Report: Health of millions in Bangladesh at risk due to climate change
  4. Government commits to accelerate universal health coverage
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