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What is The Quality of Healthcare in Bangladesh?

Quality of Healthcare in Bangladesh

The healthcare system in Bangladesh is a critical component of the nation’s infrastructure, directly impacting the wellbeing of its population. This article provides a detailed analysis of healthcare quality in Bangladesh, including an overview of the system’s structure, key indicators of healthcare quality, and recent government initiatives.

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Bangladesh ranks 88th in the world for healthcare quality. However, some say that Bangladesh’s healthcare system compares favorably to other Asian countries. [1]
  • Bangladesh has made significant progress in increasing healthcare access over the last 50 years. This has led to an increase in average life expectancy from 52 years in the 1970s to 72 years today. [2]
  • Bangladesh has a good healthcare network, with 3,976 public facilities and 975 private hospitals and clinics. However, the public healthcare system suffers from a lack of qualified medical professionals, outdated equipment, and unnecessary diagnostic tests. [3]
  • Some say that the government spends millions to train doctors, but that these doctors neglect their duties. Others say that while patients generally have a positive perception of the quality of care, some individuals express dissatisfaction. [4]

The Healthcare System in Bangladesh: An Overview

The healthcare system in Bangladesh comprises both public and private sectors. It has undergone significant reforms and development over the years. Recent support from the World Bank, amounting to $200 million, is aimed at improving primary healthcare services in urban areas like Dhaka and Chattogram, focusing on treatment, prevention, and referral for common illnesses, including mosquito-borne diseases. [5]

Key Indicators of Healthcare Quality

Quality in healthcare is evaluated based on patient outcomes, accessibility, and efficiency of services. In recent decades, Bangladesh has implemented health sector reforms that shifted from a project-based approach to a sector-wide approach, significantly improving access to healthcare, especially in rural districts. However, challenges such as a shortage of qualified health professionals and high out-of-pocket payments remain. [6]

Strengths of the Healthcare System in Bangladesh

Bangladesh’s healthcare system is globally recognized for its extensive network of health care delivery and successful initiatives like universal child immunization and effective Covid-19 management. The government’s commitment to Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by 2030 is a testament to its dedication to improving healthcare quality and accessibility. [7]

Challenges and Areas for Improvement

Despite notable progress, the healthcare system faces challenges such as low public financing and significant barriers to healthcare access. Addressing these issues is crucial for further improvement in healthcare quality.

The Role of Government and Policy

The Government of Bangladesh is actively working to enhance healthcare quality, with a focus on expanding services, increasing resources, and improving efficiency. This commitment is reflected in the pledge to achieve UHC by 2030, which includes measures like the public provision of an essential package of healthcare for all.

Innovations and Technological Advances

The integration of technology in healthcare promises to enhance service delivery and patient care in Bangladesh. Innovations in medical technology and healthcare solutions are increasingly playing a crucial role in the system.

Patient Experiences and Satisfaction

Surveys and studies are conducted regularly to gauge patient satisfaction, which is a key indicator of the quality of healthcare services. Patient feedback is critical in guiding improvements in the healthcare system.

The Impact of External Factors

Socio-economic factors, environmental conditions, and demographic aspects significantly influence healthcare quality in Bangladesh. The role of international aid and collaboration, including support from organizations like the World Health Organization and UNICEF, is vital in addressing these external challenges.

Future Outlook for Healthcare in Bangladesh

The healthcare system in Bangladesh is evolving, with promising prospects for improvement. The government’s commitment to UHC and the incorporation of technological advancements suggest a positive trajectory for the healthcare system.


The analysis of healthcare quality in Bangladesh highlights the progress made and the challenges that lie ahead. Continuous improvement, supported by government initiatives and international collaboration, is key to achieving a robust healthcare system.

References and Further Reading

For more in-depth information, readers are encouraged to explore academic and government sources, as well as reports from international organizations involved in healthcare in Bangladesh.

  1. Comparison of Services of Public, Private and Foreign Hospitals from the Perspective of Bangladeshi Patients
  2. Healthcare in Bangladesh: A journey towards universal access
  3. Healthcare-Quality-of-Bangladesh-and-Outbound-Medical-Travel-to-Thailand-Ekonomika-regiona.pdf
  4. Experience and perceived quality of care of patients and their attendants in a specialized mental hospital in Bangladesh
  5. World Bank Helps Bangladesh Improve Primary Healthcare in Cities
  6. Health Systems Reforms in Bangladesh: An Analysis of the Last Three Decades
  7. Government commits to accelerate universal health coverage
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